Industry Reports

Deep dive into IESA knowledge products through market intelligence reports and emerging technology reviews

Report on- Energy Storage Vision 2030 for India

IESA Energy Storage Vision 2030 report which emphasizes the importance of energy storage target-setting for India along with other key areas like policy and regulatory intervention required at the Central and the State level, manufacturing, skill development, research & development, and potential barriers that require preparedness and focus from the Centre and the States.

Electric Vehicle IQ (EV IQ) - Feb 2022 - March 2022

EV IQ provides monthly updates of Electric Vehicles and Manufacturing sectors. These reports cover Policy & Regulatory announcements by Central and State Governments, Tender updates, upcoming meeting dates, EV sales summary, new product launches, prevailing news updates are covered in this report. These are monthly reports and bring you distilled, accurate, and timely information supplemented with in-depth analysis.

India Electric Vehicle and Components Market Overview Report 2021-30

The EV Market in India has been witnessing one of the fastest recoveries in 2021 from the pandemic induced slowdown in 2020. In 2021 the annual sales of EVs in India reached 4,67,000+ units.

India Electric Vehicle Market Overview Report 2020-2027

IESA's second edition on India's EV market report captures the present market scenario and also major projections and enablers going forward

EV 101

Gain insight into the current EV market scenario, latest trends, forecast, and analysis

The Evolving Landscape of Urban Air Mobility in India

1.0 Introduction

Today, over 4.46 billion people, or more than half the world’s population live in the cities. They are at the epicentre of economic activity, where more than 80% of global GDP is generated. As urban road transport density has grown, it has created several environmental challenges such as poor quality of air and water, improper waste disposal, and high energy usage. In Indian metropolitan cities (like Mumbai, Delhi, and Chennai), an average commute takes a whopping 90 -minutes and air pollution is one of the leading causes of death in India. Annually, about 620,000 premature deaths occur due to air pollution in Indian cities.

During the COVID-19 pandemic and the resultant lockdown, people witnessed the benefits of better air quality, and how quickly the environment restored itself when emissions were cut down, making a compelling case for electric mobility. During the lockdown, air pollution in Delhi dropped by 79%, primarily due to reduced road traffic and limited industrial activities. The PM 2.5 levels in six cities across India i.e., Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Hyderabad, and Bengaluru dropped by 45-88% during both the initial and final stages of the national lockdown. On the other hand, these cities experienced a spike in pollution levels by 2-6 times once the lockdown was lifted -- with Delhi witnessing the sharpest drop and the steepest rise.

This rising urbanization, growing population, aging infrastructure, and an e-commerce boom, necessitate a modern, safe, and affordable mode of transportation. Urban Air Mobility (UAM) offers an opportunity for seamless, secure, and rapid transportation to alleviate current and potential challenges faced in urban areas.

UAM/Drones were earlier used for surveillance and military purposes only. However, today drones are used in agriculture, energy and utility, mining, media, and entertainment industry among other sectors. The drone space in India is fast catching up with other nations and gaining considerable momentum. It is projected that India’s drone market could reach up to INR 500 billion (US$6.8 billion) in the next five years. India is now looking at the prospect of using drones for delivery services in the country to reduce road congestion due to the increasing number of ride aggregators in urban areas.

Figure 1: Drone-based applications in India                                                    Source: PWC – Data on wings

2.0 Enabling Ecosystem for UAM in India

Figure 2: Key Enabler for UAM Ecosystem                              Source: Customized Energy Solutions Analysis

2.2 Policy Support

The Central Government notified the Production Linked Incentive (PLI) scheme for drones and drone components on September 30, 2021. Under the scheme, a total incentive of INR 120 crore is spread over three fiscal years which is nearly double the combined turnover of all domestic drone manufacturers in FY 2020-21.

The Ministry of Civil Aviation (MoCA) has opened the application window for those manufacturers of drones and drone components, who may have crossed the PLI eligibility threshold for the full fiscal year (April 1, 2021, to March 31, 2022).

The eligibility criteria for the PLI scheme for drones and drone components include an annual sales turnover of INR 2 crore for drone companies and INR 50 lacs for drone components manufacturers and value addition of over 40% of sales turnover.

Under this scheme, the Ministry of Civil Aviation has published a provisional list of 14 companies based on the financial results submitted by PLI applicants for the 10 months (April 1, 2021, to Jan.31, 2022). These include five drone manufacturers and nine drone component manufacturers.

Apart from the PLI scheme, the Government of India has initiated a series of reforms to make India a global drone hub by 2030. This includes notification of the liberalized Drone Rules, 2021; publishing of Drone Airspace Map 2021 which opens nearly 90% of Indian airspace as a green zone, UAS Traffic Management (UTM) policy framework 2021; Drone Certification Scheme 2022 which makes it easier for drone manufacturers to obtain a type certificate; Drone Import Policy, 2022 which bans import of foreign-made drones; and the Drone (Amendment) Rules, 2022 which abolishes the requirement of a drone pilot license for drone operations.


2.3 The Unmanned Aircraft System Rules, 2021

In June 2020, the Ministry of Civil Aviation released the draft Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) Rules 2020 (UAS Rules or Rules). After seeking comments and holding consultations with stakeholders for almost 10 months, they launched the second draft of Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) rule in 2021[1]

2.3.1 Category - The unmanned aircraft are classified based on the maximum all up weight including its pay load.


Figure 3: Categories of UAM                                                                                       Source: UAS Rules, 2021

Nano aircraft are classified based on following performance parameters, namely:

  1. Maximum speed of flight is limited to 15 m/s (54 Km/hr)
  2. Maximum attainable height limited to 15 m and range limited to 100 m from the remote pilot

2.3.2 DGCA Guidelines for UAS

  • An authorized manufacturer or importer of drones can sell its devices only to an individual or entity approved by the aviation regulator Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA)
  • The DGCA will have the power to inspect a UAS manufacturing or maintenance facility before granting any authorization under these rules
  • No UAS shall operate in India unless there is in existence a valid third-party insurance policy to cover the liability that may arise on account of a mishap involving such UAS
  • Only nano class drones will be allowed to operate in India in general and only a qualified remote pilot will be permitted to operate heavier drones
  • All unmanned aircraft must be equipped with the following equipment:
  1. Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) receiver(s) for horizontal and vertical position fixing
  2. Autonomous Flight Termination System or Return to Home (RTH) option
  3. Geo-fencing capability
  4. Flashing anti-collision strobe lights
  5. Flight controller
  6. Flight data logging capability
  7. No Permission – No Take-off (NPNT) compliant
  8. Secondary Surveillance Radar (SSR) transponder equipment (if intended to operate beyond 400 feet/120 m AGL)
  9. Reliable Command and Control Link
  10. Real-time tracking system
  11. Barometric equipment with capability for remote sub-scale setting
  12. Detect and Avoid (if intended to operate beyond 400 feet/120 m AGL)
  13. Manufacturer Serial Number
  14. Fire-resistant identification plate for engraving the UIN
  15. Two-way communication system (if intended to operate beyond 400 feet/120 m AGL)
  16. 360 degrees collision avoidance system
  • The equipment specified in clauses (d), (f), (g), (h), (j), (k), (l), (o) and (p) are not mandatory with respect to nano unmanned aircraft.
  • The equipment specified in clauses (h), (l) and (o) are not mandatory with respect to micro unmanned aircraft
  • The small, medium and large unmanned aircraft shall be equipped with an emergency recovery system to ensure protection from damage and public injury in any failure conditions

Operations of UAS – Only pre-authorised UAS shall be permitted to perform the any task except Nano unmanned drones

  1. Flight Restrictions:
  2. No Micro unmanned aircraft shall fly beyond a height of 60 meter above ground level or a maximum speed of 25 meter per second
  3. No Small unmanned aircraft shall fly beyond a height of 120 meter above ground level or a maximum speed of 25 meter per second
  4. Medium or Large unmanned aircraft shall fly in accordance with the conditions specified in the Unmanned Aircraft System Operator Permit issued by the Director General
  5. No unmanned aircraft shall fly in a restricted area unless specifically permitted by the Director General
  6. No unmanned aircraft, except Nano unmanned aircraft, shall be flown by a person who is not a licenced remote pilot


  1. Permission for flight - No unmanned aircraft shall be flown:
  2. Within a distance of 5 km from the perimeter of international airports at Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai, Kolkata, Bengaluru and Hyderabad
  3. Within a distance of 3 km from the perimeter of any civil, private or defence airports
  4. Above the Obstacle Limitation Surfaces (OLS) or Procedures for Air Navigation Services-Aircraft Operations (PANS-OPS) surfaces, whichever is lower, of an operational aerodrome, specified in the rules related to Height Restrictions for Safeguarding of Aircraft Operations
  5. Within permanent or temporary Prohibited, Restricted and Danger Areas including Temporary Reserved Area (TRA), and Temporary Segregated Area (TSA), as notified in Aeronautical Information Publication (AIP) by Airport Authority of India
  6. Within 25 km from international border which includes Line of Control (LoC), Line of Actual Control (LAC) and Actual Ground Position Line (AGPL)
  7. Beyond 500 m (horizontal) into sea from coast line provided the location of ground station is on fixed platform over land
  8. Directorate General of Lighthouses and Lightships (DGLL) lighthouses and coastal radar stations of the Indian Coast Guard
  9. Within 3 km from perimeter of military installations/ facilities/ where military activities/ exercises are being carried out unless clearance is obtained from the local military installation/facility
  10. Within 5 km radius from Vijay Chowk in Delhi. However, this is subject to any additional conditions/ restrictions imposed by local law enforcement agencies/ authorities in view of the security
  11. Within 2 km from perimeter of strategic locations/ vital installations notified by Ministry of Home Affairs unless clearance is obtained from Ministry of Home Affairs
  12. Within 3 km from radius of State Secretariat Complex in State Capitals
  13. From a mobile platform such as a moving vehicle, ship or all types of sea going vessels including makeshift floating platforms or aircraft
  14. Over eco-sensitive zones around National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries notified by Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change without prior permission
  15. The Central Government or any other person authorised in this behalf by the Central Government may permit flying of unmanned aircraft in select restricted areas on request made by any Government Authority or any airport Operator in exceptional circumstances
  • Payload:
  1. No unmanned aircraft shall carry any payload, save, as specified in the Certificate of Manufacture and Airworthiness issued by the Director General
  2. No person shall drop or project or cause or permit to be dropped or projected from an unmanned aircraft system in motion anything except in a manner and procedure as specified by the Director General


Drone Port

  1. Droneports are designated areas dedicated to facilitate take-off and landing of the UAS. With time these droneports should be upgraded to facilitate, battery charging stations or a battery swapping station
  2. Droneports owners may be designated as DSP and they must maintain a record of every take-off/landing activity or any other activity taking place on their property
  3. UAS must be equipped with lights to make it possible for other aircrafts to avoid collision. Also, the droneport show be well lit for smooth landing and take-off.

Example – Use of UAM technology in Vaccine distribution

3.0 Way Forward     

IESA has conducted a roundtable on Urban Air Mobility (UAM) at the annual conference, World Energy Storage Day (WESD) in September 2021, to discuss the feasibility of UAM in India. Also, IESA collaborated with the European Space Agency to organize a Global Open Webinar on Urban Air Mobility (UAM) & Technology Development on December 15, last year. IESA seeks to undertake a feasibility study for drone delivery services to reduce road traffic in India.

Public EV Charging Infrastructure in India

The availability of user-friendly public charging infrastructure is one of the key requirements for accelerating the adoption of electric vehicles in India.

Charging of Electric Vehicles

One of the critical success factors for electric vehicle deployment is establishment of a well-designed charging infrastructure. Over time there has been developments taking place in this area in terms of charging protocols, standards, and safety precautions.

Storage 101

Stay up-to-date with the current energy storage market scenario, latest trends, forecast, and analysis

High temperature batteries: Workhorses for large scale grid storage

Initial conceptualization and work on high temperature batteries was initiated as early as in the 1950s at various

Hydrogen Fuel Cells: Evolving towards clean energy carriers

A lot of the initial fuel cell development work was conducted in the 1970s at NASA. Fuel cells were used in the Apollo mission as on

Pouch, Prismatic or Cylindrical: What’s your pick?

India’s battery demand is projected to rise from 3 billion $ in 2017 to 7.5 billion $ by 2022 (Source: CES Analysis). Lithium-ion battery technology is projected to be the leading technology for electric

Partner Resources

Build your understanding of the market by accessing the latest partner reports on RE, e-mobility & energy storage

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The journey to net zero by LDES

This report assembles a holistic policy solution framework and set of options to catalyse the sector. This report explores three broad types of support, each with different intended outcomes:

  • Long-term market signals inform the trajectory of the energy system through planning, targets, pricing of carbon externalities, etc. to offer a long-term vision that LDES customers and project developers can build toward;
  • Revenue mechanisms enhance the viability of projects by increasing both the absolute revenue as well as the certainty of this revenue; and
  • Direct technology support and enabling measures create pathways for access and uptake of early-stage technologies

Battery Ecosystem: A Global Overview, Gap Analysis in Indian context, and Way Forward for Ecosystem Development

The study is focused on documenting the status quo of battery technologies used in electric vehicles, Indian and global battery standards, and policy frameworks in India vis-à-vis global counterparts. In addition to the external environment, battery value chain elements viz. battery manufacturing, battery swapping, battery disposal, recycling, and reuse are also studied in detail to understand the technological and policy landscape in India. Owing to the nascent nature of the value chain, outputs from primary interactions have been integrated into the study to provide the picture of on ground realities.

Basis the deep understanding of technology, market and regulatory landscape, suitable recommendations have been laid out in the study. The recommendations have touched upon multiple aspects of market demand creation, monitoring, and awareness development to name a few.

Additionally, financial and economic analysis of a battery recycling plant and battery swapping stations have been carried out to understand the viability of the business and essential cost and revenue drivers. Sensitivity analysis of the model along with ideal condition outputs have been showcased to provide the view of the businesses in entirety.

The Power of Batteries to Expand Renewable Energy in Emerging Markets

The global power and transportation sectors of the future will be fundamentally different from today.

Status quo analysis of various segments of electric mobility and low carbon passenger road transport in India

On behalf of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), the Nationally Determined Contribution-Transport Initiative for Asia (NDC-TIA) is a joint project of seven organisations and with the engagement of China, India, and Vietnam.

Stay ahead of the curve with access to 1000+ wide-ranging reports, case studies, knowledge papers and tender updates and more.

Stay ahead of the curve with access to 1000+ wide-ranging reports, case studies, knowledge papers and tender updates and more.

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Get access to the latest tender information and updates of the energy storage sector

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509 Past Tenders


Access strategic information, data & insights through the presentations made at IESA flagship events

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SESI '22 presentation by Fluence

Stationary Energy Storage in India (SESI) Virtual Conference took place on 24 March 2022 focused on

Overview of ESS Tenders & Projects India at SESI 2021

Stationary Energy Storage in India (SESI) Conference & Virtual Expo focused on the roadmap and outlook for stationary energy storage in India took place on 8 April 2021. 

India Stationary Energy Storage Market at SESI 2021

Stationary Energy Storage in India (SESI) Conference & Virtual Expo focused on the roadmap and outlook

IMC 2021 Presentation by Kowthamraj VS

The 8th Electric Mobility event ‘India e-Mobility Conclave 2021 (IMC 2021) focused on roadmap and outlook for e-mobility in India took place on 25th Feb.

Knowledge Papers

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Knowledge Paper on Battery Management System

Batteries make up a significant portion of the battery system cost, and therefore, need to be carefully

The need of Hybrids in Renewable sector

Renewable Hybrids is being seen as the much needed enabler for renewables to continue its growth phase.

Energy Storage Applications - The Utility and Discom Perspective at World Utility summit (WUS 2020)

"Energy Storage Applications - The Utility and Discom Perspective", was released at WUS 2020.

India Lead Acid Battery Market 2016 – 2020 (Stationary and Motive Applications)

IESA estimates the overall market size for lead-acid battery in India at around INR 27,000 Crore (USD 4.2 billion) in 2015-16.


Learn about the comments & industry inputs given by IESA and its members on policies and regulations

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IESA inputs/suggestions on the Uniform Slab of GST on various components / equipment used in deployment of BESS

IESA wrote a letter to Central Electricity Authority on 4th April '22 for providing the HS code and the

IESA inputs/suggestions on the “Draft Battery Waste Management Rules, 2022”

IESA wrote a letter to Ministry of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change on 21st March '22 stating concerns/recommendations (Annexure-1) on the Draft Battery waste Management Rules, 2022. This letter also included consolidated suggestions/recommendations received from our member companies.

Letter to Shri Prakash Javadekar for the approval for ACC Manufacturing Plan

IESA wrote letter to Shri Prakash Javadekar, Hon'ble Minister, Ministry of Heavy Industries & Public Enterprises

Letter to MOP - IESA inputs on draft National Electricity Policy’2021

On 25th May 2021, IESA sent inputs on draft National Electricity Policy’2021 to MoP.


Get high-quality information including issue briefs from policy working group meetings, presentations at virtual roundtables, and webinars

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PWG on 05th July '22

Discussion points:

  • CEA Draft Manual on Transmission Planning Criteria
  • Draft Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (Indian Electricity Grid Code) Regulations, 2022.
  • Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (Connectivity and General Network Access to the inter-State Transmission System) Regulations, 2022.
  • Directions by the Commission to the Power Exchanges registered under the Power Market Regulations, 2021
  • Estimation of Reserves Requirement
  • IESA recommendations to SECI and Ministry of Power on the key issues related to SECI RFS for setting up of Pilot Projects of 500 MW/1000MWh tender
  • IESA request to reduce GST on various equipment used in Energy Storage Systems and consider to include in the agenda for upcoming 47th meeting of the GST Council
  • IESA and WBCSD – joint case studies and policy recommendations
  • Draft Central Electricity Authority (Measures relating to Safety and Electric Supply) Regulations, 2022
  • Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) working under the Consumer Affairs Ministry has issued performance standards for electric vehicle batteries
  • The Haryana government approved the State Electric Vehicle (EV) Policy 2022

Roundtable on Raw materials & Chemical Processing for Giga Factories by GFL

On 4th June 2021, IESA had organized a close room virtual roundtable among key raw materials players, government

7th Knowledge Series webinar on Solar + Energy Storage

With the rapid adoption of solar energy in India there is a strong need for exploring the role

Case Studies

Explore case studies that help achieve the pathway to a greener grid and cleaner transportation

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Diesel Optimization

Most parts of India suffer from significant power shortages. The southern region of India has around 20%

Wind curtailment

The installed capacity of the wind farm is considered as 20MW. Due to high seasonal fluctuation of wind,

Port Blair, Andaman

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Microgrid 101

Gain information on microgrids, its application, and current market scenario

Role of Energy Storage in Micro-grid systems

All the IESA member can be part of this community and help us making the difference. 

Microgrids in India

There are many concurrent benefits of a micro-grid. Firstly, it helps in exploitation of local renewable energy resource through DRE

What is a Micro-grid?

A Micro-grid is a stand-alone small transmission and distribution network which leverages on decentralized

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